It is a little pet peeve of mine that people describe a fabric as crepe, not indicating the fiber or any other aspect of it. Crepe—the word alone—is not actually a fabric, but a texture which is made in a number of ways. The name is applied to many fabrics, as you can see.
As always, this comes from the VFG Fabric Resource
Crepe is a texture, which is probably best described as grainy, puckered or crinkled. The texture can be achieved by the type of fiber (especially hard or crepe twist yarns, textured yarns), chemical treatment, textured weave, or embossing. It may be made of any fiber and may be woven or knit. The name comes from the French word for crimped, crêpe.
A wide range of fabrics are crepes.
Crepe de chine
|Worsted wool crepe |
|Woven nylon with embossed crepe texture|
©Vintage Fashion Guild - Text by Margaret Wilds/denisebrain, photos by Hoyt Carter